Tech Terms

List of Tech Terms

This article is about a few tech terms that you might have heard before but don’t quite know what they mean.  This is a short list, but I’ll have a series of terms in future articles.

My reason for putting together these articles is to inform the average everyday user like you.  You might be working with an IT company, whose staff talks in jargon that goes right over your head.  This list doesn’t contain everything obviously, but it’ll at least get you started.

OK, here’s today’s pick, in no particular order of importance:

  • P2P – This is short for Peer-to-peer.  This is essentially when a group of computers are connected to each other via a network.  Each computer can communicate with each other, without a server in the mix.  Most small networks, like your home, and some small offices have a peer-to-peer network.  This is also how music was (and still is) shared for free over the internet.  Remember Napster?
  • Phishing – This is when an unauthorized person, or organization tries to gain access to your information through spamming.  It’s usually some type of email that get’s sent, asking you to provide some information about yourself or the company, imposing to be like a bank, or some kind of reputable organization.  I always say to my clients, never click on an email if you don’t recognize the sender.
  • Algorithm – As it relates to IT, this is a set of rules by which search engines ranks websites in their search results.  They do this using keywords.  So in Google for instance, if you entered a phrase or a word that you’re trying to find answers to, those words are keywords Google uses to find results.  The websites that come up in the search results are ranked based on how those keywords you entered are used on each website.
  • Hacker – Hackers are not always bad.  There are are ethical hackers, whose job is to combat bad hackers, using proactive methods to prevent a company from getting hacked.  But a hacker is really a very skilled programmer, who knows how to program computers to do just about anything.  Some people, unfortunately use those programming skills to do bad things.
  • MAN – No this is not the definition of the male species as we know it.  A MAN is short for Metropolitan Area Network.  These are networks that are designed for cities and towns.  Most if not all cities are made up of MAN networks.
  • Gigabyte (GB) – This is predominantly the storage size that we work out of today.  Most hard drive storage and practically all RAM (Random Access Memory) comes in various sizes of GB.  I remember when Megabytes (MB) use to rule in the storage area, especially for RAM.  Now, if you mention MB of any capacity, people will just laugh at you.  But to give some perspective, 1 GB is equal to 1,000 MB.  The typical computer today, comes with an average of 500 GB in storage, and 6 GB in RAM.
  • Terabyte (TB) – This will soon become the norm for storage capacity.  Today, you’ll see TB as the norm for servers, and external storage.  More personal computers, like laptops are being built with hard drives that has TB capacity.  1 TB is equal to 1,000 GB.  Our data size seems to be growing more and more each year, it seems like.

OK, we’ve reached the end of today’s jargon definitions.  Hope you enjoyed it.

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